La Celestina

La Celestina ePUB Ð Paperback
  • Paperback
  • 336 pages
  • La Celestina
  • Fernando de Rojas
  • Spanish
  • 21 December 2019
  • 1589770110

About the Author: Fernando de Rojas

Fernando De Rojas was a Castilian author about whom little information is known Fernando de Rojas is known for writing La Celestina originally titled Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea in It describes a tragic love affair, and is seen as the beginning of Spain s literary Renaissance Although the work was published anonymously, the author revealed his name and famous birthplace in an acrostic code at the beginning of the second edition in the year No other work is known by him, nor is he mentioned by any of his contemporaries.


La Celestina[PDF / Epub] ★ La Celestina By Fernando de Rojas – Johndore.co.uk La loca pasi n por Melibea, hija de un rico mercader, lleva al joven Calisto a romper todas las barreras morales y a aliarse con una vieja alcahueta y hechicera, Celestina El amor es, pues, una pasi n La loca pasi n por Melibea, hija de un rico mercader, lleva al joven Calisto a romper todas las barreras morales y a aliarse con una vieja alcahueta y hechicera, Celestina El amor es, pues, una pasi n que lo mueve todo Los se ores aman seg n los c nones del amor cort s, y los criados se mueven en el inframundo de los prost bulos, pero tanto unos como otros sienten el gozo y placer de vivir, y este amor lujurioso los conducir a todos a la destrucci n y a la muerte Reflejo de una sociedad conflictiva, La Celestina, obra a caballo entre la novela y la obra dram tica, abre las puertas a nuevos aires y tiempos nuevos, y su autor, Fernando de Rojas, crea con ella uno de los grandes mitos de la literatura universal.

You may also like...

10 thoughts on “La Celestina

  1. Steve says:

    Two pages from an early edition. In 1499 appeared the first 16 acts of the Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea, now better known as La Celestina, a work that Juan Goytisolo called Spanish literature s most audacious and subversive work in his excellent article celebrating the 500th anniversary of the text s publication First published anonymously, then again with the author s name in acrostics, it was eventually revealed that the author was the still quite young Fernando de Rojas c 1465 Two pages from an early edition. In 1499 appeared the first 16 acts of the Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea, now better known as La Celestina, a work that Juan Goytisolo called Spanish literature s most audacious and subversive work in his excellent article celebrating the 500th anniversary of the text s publication First published anonymously, then again with the author s name in acrostics, it was eventually revealed that the author was the still quite young Fernando de Rojas c 1465 76 1541 , a son of Jews who had been forcibly converted to Christianity In 1502 appeared a version with 21 acts and further additions In fact, many of the subsequent new editions during the author s lifetime had additions of some sort or other There is no wonder, then, that as of 2002, there has been no critical edition of this text in Spanish, since it is apparently difficult to decide in all cases which additions are Rojas and which have been added by the publishers I came upon this title in Steven Moore s very informative survey The Novel An Alternative History Beginnings to 1600. It appears, however, that in Spain everyone reads this along with Lazarillo de Tormes and Don Quixote. Though the text presents itself in acts and many consider it to be a failed play for the stage, others, including Moore, view the work as the first novel in dialogue Goytisolo refuses to pigeonhole the text, and I ll go along with that choice Whether or not the 5 acts added to the original in 1502 were written by Rojas or were the fabrication of another, these acts are not of the same quality and badly unbalance and de center the text, in my opinion, though I can understand how the original might seem a bit abrupt to some Of the many translations into English of this work, I read the one by Lesley Byrd Simpson, which presents only the text of the original edition, without the interpolated 5 acts, theArgumentosand the other additions It reads beautifully, as I shall illustrate below I also looked through therecent translation by Peter Bush mentioned earlier in order to compare the translations and to read the added 5 acts to decide for myself about their quality, for Bush has incorporated most, but not all of the additions to the original text However, I also read the second original text in a heavily annotated edition apparently intended for students in Spain, in which nearly all the additions made during Rojas lifetime are included and extensive footnotes explain background and obsolete usage and words So, three different versions of the text, quite aside from the language Let s turn to the common core of the texts The initial set up of attempted seduction of the young and lovely Melibea by the intemperate Calisto and the subsequent firm rejection provides a standard frame within which to carry out the main business of the work the reduction of most of the ideals of aristocratic and Christian Spain to absurdity in the corrosively ironic gaze of the lower classes Moreover, most of the characters representing the lower classes are rogues of the first water self interest, money and a smooth line of bullshit rule the day These two elements shape the comedic side of the tragicomedy As entertaining as that is, it fades to shadow when the main character arrives the aged, worldly, vain, greedy procuress and witch, consummate liar and manipulator, and former prostitute, Celestina, who undertakes to bend Melibea to Calisto s will by magical means, after a significant gift, of course What a character No wonder the original title fell into desuetude and was replaced by her name I d be willing to conjecture that this is an early example of a character occurring to an author and then taking over completely As for the tragedy, is it a spoiler to reveal that all the main characters die Innocent or not Dead I think it s likely that Rojas bitterness was not directed merely at the oligarchy and its ideology I cannot close this review without praising the unique style in which Celestina is written, which gave me evenpleasure than the characters did First, the pure dialogue at least in the first version is tightly woven with proverb after proverb, most taken from the treasure chest of the Spanish people, but no few are lifted from classic authors like Plutarch Sometimes the proverbs are very apt, but many times they are non sequiturs, recalling to me the modern novels whose characters speak solely in free association clich s Every act, whether considered or completed, is commented on at length by the characters using vast arrays of proverb And when Rojas winds up and throws his fast ball, what arrives at the plate are the kinds of effervescent, coruscating lists to be found in some of the better modern authors works Some are lists for the sake of seeing rare and incongruous words side by side, such as this tiny excerpt from a two page romp The oils she used for the face you would hardly believe storax, jasmine, lemon, melon seed, benjamin, pistachio, pine nut, grape seed, jubejube nut, fennel, lupine, vetch, carilla, and chickweed But others are lists in poetic flight, such as this excerpt from the last act of the original version When I was young I thought the world was ruled by order I know better now It is a labyrinth of errors, a frightful desert, a den of wild beasts, a game in which men run in circles, a lake of mud, a thorny thicket, a dense forest, a stony field, a meadow full of serpents, a river of tears, a sea of miseries, effort without profit, a flowering but barren orchard, a running spring of cares, a sweet poison, a vain hope, a false joy, and a true painBoth in Simpson s words I think Bush s version of this passage is relatively weak I very much enjoyed this work, one which engendered a host of followers la literatura celestinesca and with which Cervantes was well acquainted when he wrote his masterpiece nearly a century later In fact, Cervantes called Rojas work divine in the introduction to the first part of his tale of the Knight of La Mancha Come to think of it, Sancho Panza, a servant commenting freely on the absurdities of his employer Don Quixote, is definitely a celestinesque touch A somewhat modified version of Goytisolo s essay serves as the Introduction to the recent Penguin edition of Peter Bush s new translation of Celestina. La Celestina, Editorial Castalia, Madrid, 2002 According to Goytisolo, Rojas father was burned at the stake by the Inquisition, and he and the other conversos were constantly disadvantaged and persecuted by the true believers Goytisolo sees La Celestina as an expression of Rojas bitterness towards the oligarchy and its ideology Quite possibly Rating

  2. Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly says:

    For about a month they have been having sex clandestinely at night, inside Malibea s room, right under the noses of her unsuspecting parents To get to her room Calisto has to climb up a steep ladder carried to the site every night by his servants During this last night, after three exhausting but blissful encores, Calisto heard a commotion outside Rushing to check what it was, suspecting his servants may be in trouble, he slipped off the ladder and fell to his death, his head split into three For about a month they have been having sex clandestinely at night, inside Malibea s room, right under the noses of her unsuspecting parents To get to her room Calisto has to climb up a steep ladder carried to the site every night by his servants During this last night, after three exhausting but blissful encores, Calisto heard a commotion outside Rushing to check what it was, suspecting his servants may be in trouble, he slipped off the ladder and fell to his death, his head split into three as many as their encores that night like a crushed watermelon The last words he shouted, as he was about to fall, were Holy Mary, I m done for Confession The two became lovers through the help of Celestina probably one of the vilest characters in literature She s a sixty year old former prostitute, now a madam who counts among her clients several clergymen Being a madam at that time wasn t as lucrative a profession as it is now, so to make ends meet she sidelines as a hymen repairer, a love guru, a faith healer and an itinerant vendor of various merchandise She also dies violently, stabbed repeatedly until she was almost like the corned beef you often have for breakfast, by Calisto s own men Her last words echoed that of Calisto Ay, he s killed me Ay Confession Confession This looks strange now but not at that time when the way to salvation was clear cut you die with your sins unconfessed, you go to hell This novel was first published in 1499than 500 years ago in Christian Spain during the time of the Spanish Inquisition This was about 100 years before Don Quixote and was said to have inspired Cervantes inventiveness The author, Fernando de Rojas, wrote this when he was barely out of his teens, while studying law at the University of Salamanca His family was Jewish They suffered a lot during the Spanish Inquisition where the Holy Office was relentlessly pursuing and burning heretics who either lose their lives, or honor, or properties, or all of these When Fernando de Rojas was already a lawyer, he defended his father in law against these inquisitors after the old man, drunk, argued with a priest and declared that he does not believe there is life after death.It was in this world made false, hypocritical, cruel, hopeless and deadly by religion that Fernando de Rojas conceived of this novel A world where the only consolation one can find is the fleeting pleasure especially carnal pleasure he she may luckily encounter between birth and death Calisto and Malibea inside her room that last night Calisto My lady and my bliss, if you want me, singsoftly still It sounds sweeter in my presence than the delight it brings when you re wearied by my absence.Malibea How shall I sing, my love What shall I sing Of my desire for you, firing my song and tuning my melody As soon as you showed up, my song went, and the tune with it And you, my lord, are such a model of politeness and good manners, how is it you can bid my tongue to sing but not your hands to keep still Why don t you give up these ways Tell them to be quiet and stop their unseemly converse with me You know, my angel, I love to gaze at you peacefully, but not this insistent pawing I like your respectful play but find your hands are rude and annoying, especially when they get too rough Let my clothes be, and if you must find out whether my over garment is silk or cotton, why do you need to touch my shift that s undoubtedly linen Let s play and pleasure in a thousand ways I can show you Don t be so violent and mistreat me as you like to do Why do you feel the need to rip my clothes Calisto My love, if you want to taste the bird, first you must get rid of its feathers.Malibea panting, playing coy My lord, shall I tell my servant Lucrecia to bring us some food Calisto I only want to eat your body and hold your beauty in my arms Money buys food and drink at any time of day and anyone can do that What s priceless is what s in this garden that nothing on earth can equal Do you think I m going to give up a single moment of my pleasuring My lady, I hope day never dawns My senses feel ecstasy at this exquisite contact with your delicate limbs.Malibea while they were going at it My lord, I m the one most loving this I m the winner thanks to the incredible gift you bring on each of your visits.Then the distraught Malibea while Calisto s dead body was being taken away Malibea to her servant Can you hear what those boys are saying Can you hear their sad laments They re praying as they carry my life away with them and carry my happiness that s gone stone dead This is no time to live Why didn t I takepleasure when I pleasured Why did I value so little the bliss I gripped between these two hands Ungrateful mortals, we only see our good fortune when it s gone Then the harrowing lamentation of Malibea s father said to be the most moving part of the novel , after his only child has died, condemning the World and Love itself no way too long to type read the book yourself

  3. Zadignose says:

    You antic ass You ve made me laugh, which I did not intend to do again this year Celestina is every bit the great classic that its reputation among Spaniards suggests It s bold, funny, cynical, and at the same time affecting, provoking a strange mix of derision and sympathy Along the way it scorns most of society s values, as well as its hypocrisies, general human frailty, and most of all it cries out against the inhuman cruelty of God, Love, Fortune, the World itself, or whatever it is tha You antic ass You ve made me laugh, which I did not intend to do again this year Celestina is every bit the great classic that its reputation among Spaniards suggests It s bold, funny, cynical, and at the same time affecting, provoking a strange mix of derision and sympathy Along the way it scorns most of society s values, as well as its hypocrisies, general human frailty, and most of all it cries out against the inhuman cruelty of God, Love, Fortune, the World itself, or whatever it is that condemns us poor mortals to futile, purposeless suffering It does so as tragicomedy should, through bitter and insightful humor

  4. Laura says:

    Free download in Spanish available at Project Gutenberg Free download in Spanish available at Project Gutenberg

  5. Miquel Reina says:

    What could I say about one of the major Spanish classics as La Celestina Well, I think that this book is certainly one of these novels that a big part of Spanish people have read In my case, I did it in school time and despite the years that have passed, I still remember the story perfectly La Celestina is a novel that despite its age is still entertaining, fun and easy to read Romances, misunderstandings and especially a funny intelligence has made it become not only one of the big clas What could I say about one of the major Spanish classics as La Celestina Well, I think that this book is certainly one of these novels that a big part of Spanish people have read In my case, I did it in school time and despite the years that have passed, I still remember the story perfectly La Celestina is a novel that despite its age is still entertaining, fun and easy to read Romances, misunderstandings and especially a funny intelligence has made it become not only one of the big classic of the Spanish literature but also a synonymous of a person who intrudes on the lives of two people to achieve they fall in love.I recommend to read it to all those who have not read it yet, and especially to all English speaking community that is getting into the vast Spanish literature to put it into their must read list Spanish version Qu podr a decir del cl sico de la lengua espa ola, La Celestina ste es sin duda uno libro que muchos de los hispanohablantes han le do alguna vez, yo lo hice en la poca escolar y pese a los a os que han pasado, a n recuerdo perfectamente la historia La Celestina es una novela que pese a su antig edad sigue siendo igual de entretenida, divertida y f cil de leer Los romances, los malentendidos y sobretodo la inteligencia que destila la obra ha hecho que se convierta no solo en uno de los referentes de la lengua espa ola sino en un sin nimo de persona que se entromete en la vida de dos personas para conseguir enamorarlos.Recomiendo a todos los que no la hab is le do que lo hag is, y animo a toda la comunidad de habla inglesa que est adentr ndose en el extenso mundo literario espa ol que sta novela la pongan en su lista de must read

  6. Ellinor says:

    Surprisingly funny in the beginning , very tragic at the end, but always very wise A novel written in dialogue and built up in acts and scenes, similar to a drama, La Celestina is the first European novel It is not widely known today which is a pity actually I don t quite understand the low rating probably from people who had to read in school because it is very readable and entertaining view spoiler The book ends very dramatically almost everyone dies and has one final conclusion nev Surprisingly funny in the beginning , very tragic at the end, but always very wise A novel written in dialogue and built up in acts and scenes, similar to a drama, La Celestina is the first European novel It is not widely known today which is a pity actually I don t quite understand the low rating probably from people who had to read in school because it is very readable and entertaining view spoiler The book ends very dramatically almost everyone dies and has one final conclusion never fall in love hide spoiler

  7. Silvia Cachia says:

    Read many years ago, but planning to re read for the Classics Club It s come to mark a beautiful and long gone time in my life high school years reading with the class, a small group of students , with an alcoholic teacher we loved and hated at the same time, a lonely woman who did love good books.

  8. DeLys says:

    One of the must reads of Spanish literature, this book represents both the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance in Spain The character of Celestina is the basis of one of the three literary types from Spanish literature, along with Don Quijote and Don Juan I ve taught it multiple times and am always amazed by how much the issues raised in this book resonate with my students.

  9. Jay says:

    La Celestina sits between the last gasps of the Middle Ages and the first breaths of the Renaissance Written for the most part by a 25 year old graduate of the Universidad de Salamanca, it also stands slightly behind Don Quijote in Castile s novelistic rankings It is still, over 500 years after its composition in 1499 1502, a masterpiece of Western literature Arguably, it also could lay claim according to Otis Green in his Spain and the Western Tradition to being the first novel or t La Celestina sits between the last gasps of the Middle Ages and the first breaths of the Renaissance Written for the most part by a 25 year old graduate of the Universidad de Salamanca, it also stands slightly behind Don Quijote in Castile s novelistic rankings It is still, over 500 years after its composition in 1499 1502, a masterpiece of Western literature Arguably, it also could lay claim according to Otis Green in his Spain and the Western Tradition to being the first novel or truly dramatic work produced in modern Europe The story is the universal one of passionate love won and lost Calixto, a young nobleman in hot pursuit of his falcon, finds himself in the garden of Pleberio and eyeball to eyeball with Pleberio s daughter, Melibea Instantly smitten, he declares himself mesmerized by her beauty and unworthy of her love she agrees, telling him in no uncertain words to bug off.Calixto returns to his home where his servant, not at all oblivious to his master s mental aberration Ottis Green , proposes a solution to what, at this point, is unrequited love Loco est este me amo says Sempronio Enters the old bawd Celestina whom Calixto employs to soften Melibea s heart.Celestina, described as a bearded lady, is a piece of work In addition to running a brothel, she is a purveyor of drugs and creams that cure all imaginable defects and conditions She knows magic and is in touch with the supernatural She is also a seamstress a cover for her other arts but also a talent that allows her to repair maidenheads by sewing small bladders into the broken membrane She sold the French ambassador one of her wenches three times a virgin Ostensively a seamstress, she is able to gain entrance into any number of places, monasteries and homes And, using that ability, she visits Melibea, learning that Melibea, too, in spite of her initial claims to the contrary, is equally smitten with Calixto.It would seem that love among the nobility and the lower classes is never easy even in the XIV Century Calixto, overjoyed with Celestina s success, rewards her with a gold chain But Calixto s servants believe that they, too, should share in the reward When Celestina refuses to share, they kill her They in turn, captured before they can escape, are summarily beheaded by the law.But Calixto is essentially oblivious to the fates of the underclass He and Melibea begin a month long affair a nightly, amorous encounter in the garden of Melibea s parents with little though to things beyond their own pleasures However, in leaving one night, Calixto falls off of the wall and dies instantly Melibea, distraught, kills herself by jumping off a tower.On one level, the author purports his work to be a lesson on the wages of sin But here sin is not sex but unbridled self interest Vividly reflected in La Celestina is the social world of a new, a modern age wrapped in an emerging capitalism Fernando de Rojas moves his characters in an urban world were new social constructs are emerging to define the relationships between and among the classes Notes Juan Goytisolo in his preface to Peter Bush s excellent English translation Pleberio s distraught invective against the deceitful fairground of life after he sees his daughter fall to her death take sic on a disturbing slant when read in the light of the ceaseless decline of democratic, humanist values of solidarity in today s global village, shop or casino, where the only law is the immediacy of profit Does human life exist outside the laws of the market, or is it just oneproduct for sale It would seem that the world of La Celestina is no different than our world today and the answer to Goytisolo s question is the same in 2011 as it would have been in 1499

  10. Leo says:

    This play was written by Fernando Rojas in the year 1499 It is a wonderful play about love and tragedy Calisto fell in love with Melibea who was a beautiful young woman who would inherit a great fortune from her father Calisto was rich and paid Celestina, an old astute witch of a woman, money so she could make Melibea love him.Calistos servants, Sempronio and Parmoneo were in cohuts with Celestina but she kept all the gold for herself When she defaulted on her deal Sempronio kills her.